The ethical principle of reproductive autonomy is part of the foundations of bioethical theories. Prenatal diagnostic techniques and advances in genetics have broadened the range of possibilities for reproductive choices. Consequently, they allow for selection in diagnosed cases of fetal malformation, for instance. This paper analyzes the cases of deafness, especially the deaf community’s argument that supports the birth of deaf children as a way of maintaining its cultural identity. The study discusses the community’s culturalist argument, which states that deafness should not be considered a disability. Furthermore, the paper considers the extent to which reproductive decisions by potential parents could limit the development of their future children.