This paper aims to discuss and present some differences regarding the access to information and to communication among people who, despite having similar disabilities, experience different inabilities. The methodological approach used in the study focuses specifically on people with non-simultaneous visual or hearing impairments, with an emphasis on blind or deaf people. The conceptual framework used is the same one adopted by the ICF-WHO classification, and the theoretical framework is complemented with the contributions from other authors which have developed studies related to the issue of inabilities. In addition to the bibliographical research, the methodology includes data collected in previous studies and observations of adult people in situations that require access to information and to communication. The results reveal the diversity among people with the same type of sensory impairment and point out some of the mistakes and problems that may ensue when such diversity is not considered. The study leads to the conclusion that the differences found among people with the same kind of sensory disability are defined both by their individual preferences and by their individual limitations and abilities.