The administration of former President George W. Bush and the subsequent revival of the abortion disputes in the United States have put the ethical challenges of conscientious objection in the spotlight in many international journals on bioethics in the last decade. Bioethical analyses cover a wide range of perspectives: from bedside ethics between women and physicians, to constitutional analyses of how to protect fundamental needs in the context of pluralist societies. In the last few years some clear administrative guidelines have been drawn up, considering the institutional realities of developed countries, most of them with private healthcare systems. These include rules that the objection or refusal is an individual right and not an institutional right and healthcare providers have a duty to refer a woman to a similar health care service provider.
Disponível em: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-8847.2010.00279.x